Město Kroměříž

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Historie

Official website of the town KROMĚŘÍŽ   

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History

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Around1000 AD

Great Moravian Castle of Kroměříž. In the first century of the second millennium, the functions of the previous Great Moravian fortified settlement was taken up by a new castle of the Premyslid dynasty in Přerov.

Around1260

Bruno of Schauenburg, Bishop of Olomouc, founded the Gothic town of Kroměříž and the Church of Saint Maurice with a chapter house. In the former market place, he rebuilt the Parish Church of Virgin Mary. In the place of a former Romanesque court, he built an Early-Gothic castle as a representative seat and the centre of feudal organization of the Olomouc bishopric.

1470

The town occupied by Hungarian army withstood a siege by King Jiří.

1500

The Hungarian noblemen, Emerich and Štěpán Zápolský of Spiš, redeemed the town of Kroměříž pawned from 1470 to 1479 to the noblemen of Šternberk.

1550

Bishop Johannes Dubravius gave privileges to the Kroměříž millers' guild.

1580

The schoolmaster, Jan Zelenka, and the town bugler on the Town Hall tower, Jiří Strauch, are mentioned in the manuscripts.

1610

A Franciscan monastery was built in the Oskol neighbourhood near the small Church of Holy Trinity thanks to the care of Bishop Cardinal František Dietrichstein.

1645

Two years after the Swedish conquest and plundering under the leadership of General Torstenson, Kroměříž succumbed to a new Swedish raid. In that year, about 1200 people died of plaque.

1665

The renewer of the town Bishop Karl Liechtenstein-Kastelkorn built the Episcopal Mint in Kroměříž. In the same year, he confirmed the privileges for the Jewish community.

1665–1675

A baroque orchard – "The Flower Garden" was built.

1675

Karl Liechtenstein-Kastelkorn founded the town corps of sharpshooters.

1680

The town was hit by plaque. In that year and the following year, the town was closed because of the plaque epidemic.

1725

The town built the Plague Column of the Holy Trinity to remember the plaque in 1715-1716. The Baroque conversion of the Parish Church of Virgin Mary continued in the second year. The works continued until 1736.

1745

Bishop Jacob Arnošt of Liechtenstein confirmed the privileges for the Kroměříž Jewish community. In that year, Ferdinand Julius Troyer, a favourite of the Empress Maria Theresia, was elected Bishop.

About

1800

It was ordered to cancel the Oskol cemetery near the Church of Holy Trinity. Yet the cemetery stayed there until 1859.

1805

Napoleon's army occupied the town of Kroměříž. The Emperor Francis I. gave the town a sixth fair.

1815

The construction of the bridge across the river Morava began. In that year, the Oskol neighbourhood burned down.

1848-1849

The Imperial Assembly (Parliament) of the Austrian Empire was moved to Kroměříž. It was to prepare a constitution.

After 1850

Town's fortification walls were torn down.

1855

Cardinal Francis Fuerstenberg founded a seminary – the Archiepiscopal Gymnasium (i.e. Grammar School). The Lower Gate, also called the Moravian or Water Gate, was torn down.

1870

The town was given autonomous status; thus it reached the level of the towns like Brno, Olomouc, Znojmo and Jihlava.

After 1870

Arcades on Great Square were bricked in.

1880

After two years, the construction of a railway from Hulín to Kroměříž was finished.

1885

Austrian Emperor Francis Joseph I. and Russian Tsar Alexander II. got together in Kroměříž.

1905

The construction of the provincial mental institution with the Chapel of St. Cyril and St. Methodius was started. The complex was finished within the next four years.

1910

The general public hospital was opened. The construction of the Jewish synagogue was finished.

1945

The Second World War ended. Three years later, a great exhibition called "100 Years of Czech National Life" was held on the occasion of the centenary of the Imperial Assembly in Kroměříž.

After 1990

Generous renovation of the historic town took place. Kroměříž was proclaimed the most beautiful historic town of the year 1997.

1997

In July, a part of the town was hit by a once-in-one-hundred-years flood.

1998

The gardens and the castle of Kroměříž were enlisted as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


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| Town of Kroměříž | Velké náměstí 115, 767 01 Kroměříž | Phone - switchboard operator - 573 321 111 | fax - 573 331 481 | e-mail - meu@mesto-kromeriz.cz

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Město Kroměříž, Velké náměstí 115, 767 01 Kroměříž
(Phone - switchboard operator) 573 321 111 (fax) 573 331 481 (e-mail) meu@mesto-kromeriz.cz