Město Kroměříž

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Official website of the town KROMĚŘÍŽ   

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Around1000 AD

Great Moravian Castle of Kroměříž. In the first century of the second millennium, the functions of the previous Great Moravian fortified settlement was taken up by a new castle of the Premyslid dynasty in Přerov.


Bruno of Schauenburg, Bishop of Olomouc, founded the Gothic town of Kroměříž and the Church of Saint Maurice with a chapter house. In the former market place, he rebuilt the Parish Church of Virgin Mary. In the place of a former Romanesque court, he built an Early-Gothic castle as a representative seat and the centre of feudal organization of the Olomouc bishopric.


The town occupied by Hungarian army withstood a siege by King Jiří.


The Hungarian noblemen, Emerich and Štěpán Zápolský of Spiš, redeemed the town of Kroměříž pawned from 1470 to 1479 to the noblemen of Šternberk.


Bishop Johannes Dubravius gave privileges to the Kroměříž millers' guild.


The schoolmaster, Jan Zelenka, and the town bugler on the Town Hall tower, Jiří Strauch, are mentioned in the manuscripts.


A Franciscan monastery was built in the Oskol neighbourhood near the small Church of Holy Trinity thanks to the care of Bishop Cardinal František Dietrichstein.


Two years after the Swedish conquest and plundering under the leadership of General Torstenson, Kroměříž succumbed to a new Swedish raid. In that year, about 1200 people died of plaque.


The renewer of the town Bishop Karl Liechtenstein-Kastelkorn built the Episcopal Mint in Kroměříž. In the same year, he confirmed the privileges for the Jewish community.


A baroque orchard – "The Flower Garden" was built.


Karl Liechtenstein-Kastelkorn founded the town corps of sharpshooters.


The town was hit by plaque. In that year and the following year, the town was closed because of the plaque epidemic.


The town built the Plague Column of the Holy Trinity to remember the plaque in 1715-1716. The Baroque conversion of the Parish Church of Virgin Mary continued in the second year. The works continued until 1736.


Bishop Jacob Arnošt of Liechtenstein confirmed the privileges for the Kroměříž Jewish community. In that year, Ferdinand Julius Troyer, a favourite of the Empress Maria Theresia, was elected Bishop.



It was ordered to cancel the Oskol cemetery near the Church of Holy Trinity. Yet the cemetery stayed there until 1859.


Napoleon's army occupied the town of Kroměříž. The Emperor Francis I. gave the town a sixth fair.


The construction of the bridge across the river Morava began. In that year, the Oskol neighbourhood burned down.


The Imperial Assembly (Parliament) of the Austrian Empire was moved to Kroměříž. It was to prepare a constitution.

After 1850

Town's fortification walls were torn down.


Cardinal Francis Fuerstenberg founded a seminary – the Archiepiscopal Gymnasium (i.e. Grammar School). The Lower Gate, also called the Moravian or Water Gate, was torn down.


The town was given autonomous status; thus it reached the level of the towns like Brno, Olomouc, Znojmo and Jihlava.

After 1870

Arcades on Great Square were bricked in.


After two years, the construction of a railway from Hulín to Kroměříž was finished.


Austrian Emperor Francis Joseph I. and Russian Tsar Alexander II. got together in Kroměříž.


The construction of the provincial mental institution with the Chapel of St. Cyril and St. Methodius was started. The complex was finished within the next four years.


The general public hospital was opened. The construction of the Jewish synagogue was finished.


The Second World War ended. Three years later, a great exhibition called "100 Years of Czech National Life" was held on the occasion of the centenary of the Imperial Assembly in Kroměříž.

After 1990

Generous renovation of the historic town took place. Kroměříž was proclaimed the most beautiful historic town of the year 1997.


In July, a part of the town was hit by a once-in-one-hundred-years flood.


The gardens and the castle of Kroměříž were enlisted as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

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| Town of Kroměříž | Velké náměstí 115, 767 01 Kroměříž | Phone - switchboard operator - 573 321 111 | fax - 573 331 481 | e-mail - meu@mesto-kromeriz.cz

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Město Kroměříž, Velké náměstí 115, 767 01 Kroměříž
(Phone - switchboard operator) 573 321 111 (fax) 573 331 481 (e-mail) meu@mesto-kromeriz.cz